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Policy-driven and private interventions to foster the energy transition and Energy System Modelling

In order to be able to create all the models making up the WHY Toolkit, research was conducted to identify suitable approaches to tackle the different modelling challenges, which can occur during the creation of the WHY Toolkit. A major novelty of the WHY project is the consideration of people’s reaction to external stimuli (intervention) and how these reactions translate to their energy consumption behaviour. In order to better classify and understand these external stimuli, we identified five following types/categories of policy instruments:

  • Legislative and regulatory instruments
  • Economic and fiscal instruments
  • Agreement based or cooperative instruments
  • Information and communication instruments
  • Knowledge and innovation instruments

These policy instruments differ in how they aim to achieve a certain reaction in the policy targets. To get a better understanding of these instruments, the WHY consortium identified a multitude of national as well as international laws, initiatives, regulations, directives and more.

The analysis of models for different scales of energy systems provided a deeper understanding of energy consumption (thermal or electric) in different settings. They often work as a framework where multiple different, more or less detailed models, are included and soft-linked. 10 different already existing models have been analysed and discussed towards their relevance to WHY.

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